Tuesday, 8 July 2008

Diabetes and Diet

After recently coming across Your Sweet Shop, a website that sells all kinds of chocolate and sweeties alongside a whole range of sugarfree sweets and diabetic chocolate, I thought I'd look into the importance of diet in diabetes.

There are 3 types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Type 2 diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus accounts for around 10% of cases of diabetes and is caused by a lack of insulin producing cells in the pancreas, leading to a deficiency of insulin. It is dubbed "juvenile diabetes" as it is commonest in children. Type 1 diabetes is typically treated with daily insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also characterised by a deficiency of insulin but is accompanied by a resistance to insulin or reduced insulin sensitivity within body tissues. A predisposing factor to Type 2 diabetes is obesity which is a factor in over half of all diabetes cases. It can be controlled, to a degree, by careful monitoring of diet, exercise and weight loss. If necessary, this can be followed up with oral medication.

The third type, gestational diabetes is a rarer form, very similar to Type 2 that occurs in 2-5% of pregnancies.

As mentioned above, Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by careful monitoring of diet, in particular the consumption of carbohydrates. To help make this more palatable, Your Sweet Shop sells a range of low carbohydrate, sugarfree sweets and sugar free chocolate so that you can treat yourself without risking your health. Of course, you should always talk to your doctor before changing your diet.

To find out more about tailoring your diet for diabetes, have a look at these websites:

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